Customised search for historical information

1 October 2010

On this day in history: Declaration of the People`s Republic of China, 1949

From 1927 Mao Zedong had endeavoured to establish communism in a China ravaged by nearly a century of foreign domination and internal strife. His army of workers and peasants fought against the nationalist government, which secured control of the country following the collapse of the last monarchical dynasty and against the Imperial Japanese who invaded in the early 1930s alongside the nationalists. In the Huahai campaign of 1948/9, the communist People's Liberation Army defeated the National Revolutionary Army spelling the end of the eleven year civil war.

Since the the nationalist forces were no longer a threat, the road was now clear for the victorious communists to take control of the country. On 1st October 1949, Mao proclaimed the creation of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in front of a crowd of 300,000 people gathered in Beijing's Tiananmen Square. The Communist Party of China had appointed Mao its leader in 1945, in 1954 he became Chairman of the PRC, a position that he held until his death in 1976.

Related posts
British capture of Hong Kong: 23rd August 1839
Peoples Republic of China admitted to United Nations: 25th October 1971


Andrew said...

Ever note how all these so called communist countries tend to have a single leader in addition to the congress/polletpeuro/whatever?

Has any country tried communism and it not end up being a dictatorship in all but name?

Stepterix said...

Authoritarianism does seem to have marred Communism. I can think of no state that achieved an egalitarian Communism, but then this may have been due to external pressures.